Programul Operațional Comun România – Ucraina – Republica Moldova 2007 – 2013

Granițe comune. Soluții comune. www.ro-ua-md.net

Descriere / istoric regiune Cernauti

HISTORIC REVIEW

The city of Chemivtsi is the centre of Chenivetska oblast, the smallest oblast in Ukraine. The oblast consists of two historic regions - North Bukovyna and Besarabia. Chernivtsi was first mentioned on Octobers, 1408 in the decree of Moldavian Master Alexandru cel Bun (The Good) when a customs point was founded here.

The territory of the district has been a part of different lands (Bucovina, Besarabia, Pokuttia, Halychyna and Hutsulshchyna) and different countries (Kyivan Rus, Halytsko-Volynske and Moldova principalities, Turkish Empire, Austria and Austria-Hungary. Romania, Russian empire and the USSR). Currently Chemivtsi is an important economic, scientific and cultural centre, the heart of Bukovyna district. The citv is working, studying. creating, building and carrying on its business life.

Web site: chenivtsy.eu

PRIORITY SECTORS FOR INVESTMENT IN CHERNIVTSl

In Chernivtsi the following priority sectors for investment are determined:

  • Industrial development
  • Land-lots market development
  • Investment in small and medium entrepreneurship
  • Tourism and recreational infrastructure development
  • Electronics and equipment industry revival
  • Assistance for investors in privatization of public property
  • Innovative investment development

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

Chernivtsi is situated in south west of Ukraine on the Prut river. The aria of the city is 153 sq. km and its elevation in 248 meters above sea level. The city is divided into three districts: Shevchenkivskyi, Pershotravnevyi and Sadhirskyi. A geographic advantage for Chernivtsi is its close location to the borders and important transport intersections.

The distance to Chernivtsi from major Ukrainian and European cities:

Kyiv

538 km

Prague

700 km

Ivano-Frankivsk

140 km

Bucharest

574 km

Ternopil

140 km

Moskow

1380 km

Khmelnytskyi

190 km

Kishinev

330 km

Dnipropetrovsk

891 km

Warsaw

640 km

Donetsk

1140 km

Vienna

980 km

Lviv

270 km

Budapest

780 km

 

 Distance to closet borders:

Country

Border crossing

Distance

Romania

Porubne

40 km

Poland

Mostyska

340 km

Hungary

Chop

464 km

Slovakia

Uzhorod

444 km

Moldova

Mamalyha

58 km

 

On January 1, 2007, Chernivetska oblast became a neighbor of the European Union (distance to the border with Romania in only 40 km).

Visas. To enter Ukraine a visa and passport are needed (citizens of Russia, European Union, Switzerland and USA need no visa). One can get a Ukrainian visa at the embassy or consulate. When entering a customs declaration should be filed.

Local time. Two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. Transfer to the summer time occurs in the first week of April (ahead 1 hour) and to the winter time in the last week of October (back 1 hour).

CLIMATE

Favorable climate. The climate is moderately continental, moist, warm in summer and mild in winter. The average length of the frost free period is 260-265 days and the vegetation period is 215-220 days. The yearly rainfall amount is 650-750 ml.

Average seasonal temperature:

January -5 C

July +19 C

April +9 C

October +9 C

 

POPULATION

The population of Chernivtsi is 251,8 thousand people.; Chernivtsi is a multinational city represented by 65 nationalities. Spoken languages are Ukrainian, Russian and Romanian.

Chernivtsi is a city inhabited by young, educated and dynamic people. In 2009 inhabitants between the ages of 14-60 represented 71,8% of the total population.

EDUCATION

Labour resources can be described as highly educated. Chernivtsi has the tradition of being a well- educated city. Total amount of higher educational institutions in Chernivtsi is 25 (12 of 1II-IV accreditation level and 13 of f-II accreditation level). Chernivtsi National University is one of the oldest universities in Ukraine and since 1875 has been Chenivtsi’s leading higher educational institution.